SOC stands for Security Operations Center. It is a centralized team that monitors real time threats, incidents and suspicious activity. If the SOC team is notified, they will either take appropriate action or assign professionals to manage the risk.

A SOC team is hired by any organization for two reasons. The SOC team ensures that any incident or compromise that has already occurred is minimized. The SOC team must ensure that computers continue to work properly if one system/computer has been compromised. They must also ensure that remediation costs are minimal.
These hand-picked interview questions might help you if you’re interested in becoming a SOC Analyst or are preparing for interviews. Take a look.
1. What do you know about PAT? Port Address Translation is an extension of Network Address Translation (NAT). It allows multiple devices to be mapped to a single address to preserve IP addresses.
2. What is Network Address Translation? Network Address Translation is a way to convert one IP address space into another. This is done by editing packet headers during packet transit.
3. What is an IP Address?Internet Protocol addresses are numerical labels such which denote a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol to communicate. IP addresses serve two purposes: network identification and location identification.
4. What is confidentiality?Confidentiality is used for the protection of information from being accessed by unauthorized individuals. For example, a computer file is confidential if only authorized users have access to it. Unauthorized people are prohibited from accessing it.
5. What is integrity? Integrity is the ability to ensure that data is not altered by an unauthorised entity. Integrity is the completeness and accuracy of data. Integrity security controls are designed to prevent data being altered or mistreated by illegal parties.
6. Can you name the seven layers of the OSI Model?
Physical layer
Data Link layer
Layer network
Transport layer
Session layer
Presentation layer
Application layer
7. What are you familiar with VPNs? A Virtual Private Network (or VPN) is a secure connection that connects a server to a device over the Internet. It encrypts data transmissions to ensure that sensitive information is secure. It prevents unauthorized persons from monitoring the Internet traffic and allows users to do business remotely.
8. You can list some common cyber-attacks.
Phishing attacks
Password attacks
Drive-by Downloads
9. What is cryptography? Cryptography refers to techniques that protect the confidentiality of messages, so that only the sender and recipient can see them. Cryptography is commonly used to encrypt and decrypt emails, as well as plaintext messages, when transmitting electronic data.
10. What is encryption?Encryption is the process of making the data unreadable by any third party. This is where plain text is converted to ciphertext (a random sequence alphabets and numbers).
11. What is Cross-Site Request Forgery? This vulnerability in web applications is caused by the failure to verify the request source. This scenario is where the request is processed immediately.
12. What is a firewall? Firewalls are typically located between trusted and untrusted network.
13. What are you familiar with port scanning? Port scanning is sending messages to collect information about the network and system. The incoming response is then evaluated.
14. 1xx – Informational